Code of Student Conduct
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IV. Disciplinary procedures
The basic tenet of the Code of Student Conduct is embodied in the principle that the appropriate reaction to a disciplinary problem or incident is one that reasonably holds promise of resolving the problem. The concept of discipline is to cause a positive behavioral change by the application of consequences for negative behavior. In this way, the correction of misconduct becomes part of the learning experience rather than the exacting of retribution or vengeance.
CCPS students range from ages three to 21, and while progressive discipline may be used, the appropriate consequences for unacceptable behavior will be based on the age and the developmental level of the student involved and the nature of the infraction.
Minor and/or first infractions of the school rules usually result in an effort to solve the situation by discussing the misconduct with the student. Often the product of such a conference is an oral agreement or possibly a written contract.
The principal or a teacher may choose to assign after-school detention to students who are guilty of persistent minor disciplinary infractions. After-school detention meets for the period of time specified by the teacher or principal but no longer than one standard class period. Guidelines for detention are developed by each school and distributed to the students as part of the school rules normally contained in the student handbook. Parents must be made aware and approve of the assignment of detention prior to its being held.
C. Removal from class
A teacher may temporarily remove a student from class for conduct that constitutes disobedience. Such behavior is defined as that which substantially or materially disrupts the educational process and includes willful disrespect or defiance of the teacher. In order to maintain effective learning conditions, the school administrator may remove a student from class for a longer period of time or permanently for chronic or more serious misconduct.
D. In-school suspension
Some schools offer in-school suspension programs. In this case, the student is required to complete class work while supervised in a separate area away from the regular classrooms.
In-school suspension is assigned by the school principal or designee. The student's parents are informed of the infraction and of the in-school suspension by the school administration.
E. Short-term suspension (out-of-school)
In more serious cases of misconduct or if the misbehavior persists, the principal may suspend a student from school for a period of up to 10 days.
While serving an out-of-school suspension, the student may not be on school property or participate in any school activity. The suspension is normally terminated by the school administration at the conclusion of a successful conference with the student and the student's parents.
F. Long-term suspension (out-of-school)
In cases involving gross misconduct or cases of chronic misconduct that the efforts of the school and parents have not been able to change, a suspension to the Superintendent may be made by the school principal.
A hearing is then scheduled, consistent with state law and Board of Education policy and procedures, and the suspension may be extended for more than 10 days. Makeup work may be done by the student during an extended suspension, if feasible. Students are given an opportunity to make up class work upon returning to school at the conclusion of any suspension prior to the end of the school year.
G. Alternative placement
As a result of chronic or gross misconduct, a student may be placed into an alternative educational program. This is done either as a result of the Superintendent's hearing officer's decision or through a placement by the Deputy Superintendent's office in response to a recommendation by the school student support team and the school principal.
One example of possible placement is at an alternative program. This placement can be made in conjunction with or in place of the regular school program.
H. Expulsion from school
In cases that require suspension to the Superintendent as a result of the serious nature of the infraction, the chronic nature of the case or as a result of Board policy, the hearing officer may expel the student from Charles County Public Schools. Expulsion is the total and complete removal of a student from the services provided by Charles County Public Schools for a period of up to one calendar year or longer. Usually no unearned credits for the year are awarded, and the individual is restricted from entering upon Board of Education property or participating in any Charles County Public Schools activity for the duration of the expulsion.
I. Referral to the legal authorities
When an individual carries out some act or behavior that may be a violation of civil or criminal law, the school system may inform the legal authorities. Charles County Public Schools reserves the right to deal with the violation separately from any actions and/or consequences carried out by the civil authorities.